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自考英语二真题,看到就是赚到

2020-12-08 10:35 浏览:
The Thinking Habit That Changed My Life
 
I remember one evening three years ago,when my life was very different.I was overweight.I was deeply in debt.I was a smoker.I felt hopeless and helpless.I couldn’t change anything.
 
Then I looked up at the sky and thought what a miracle life is.And I resolved to list the good things in my life.I had a wonderful wife.I had five amazing children.I could see and appreciate the beauty of the world around me.The list went on,but you get the idea.Even when things seemed terrible for me,actually I was OK.
 
That night I resolved to be grateful for what I had,and for the people in my life.I started the habit of gratitude.Now many people consider it unimportant.I’m here to tell you that it’s very important.It changes lives.
 
Now I appreciate my wife Eva more.I feel good about having her in my life.And we have deepened our relationship.I also appreciate my kids more.Instead of criticizing them,I tend to notice their loveliness,curiosity and humor.I’m kinder to others around me,at work and everywhere else,because instead of seeing the faults in everyone,I see the good,and am grateful for them.I need less,because instead of thinking about what I don’t have,I am grateful for what I do have.Each and every moment becomes cause for gratitude,and life becomes easier.
 
Without the habit of gratitude,we tend to complain and see the bad in people and things.We can’t change that at once,but you can do something.For example,you can start with a small action.Really feel the happiness that something or someone is in your life,or take a moment to make a list of the things in your life that you’re thankful for. 
 
1. I was unhappy with my life three years ago.
 
 A.True
 
 B.False
 
  C.Not Given
 
2. I drank every day and couldn’t stop it.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.NotGiven
 
3. I was unable to support my family.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
4. One evening I came to a new understanding of my life.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
5. Many people value the habit of gratitude nowadays.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
6. Now I have a closer relationship with my wife.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
7.I am now more strict with my kids.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
8. I like making friends with people around me.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
9. I now try to see the good in others.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
10. A small action doesn’t work to change one’s bad habit.
 
A.True
 
B.False
 
C.Not Given
 
    阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共l0分)
 
Dog Training
 
Dog training is a must for all dogs.It is more than just telling your dog to stop doing what he’s doing;it is the process of teaching a dog to exhibit certain desired behaviors in specific circumstances.Proper dog training is not a “quick fix”—it is an ongoing process.
 
Dog training also involves teaching the owner. Going through dog training is something that every dog owner should do.It is like going to school over again.It is all about communication,and you need to learn to communicate with your dog.
 
Training your dog to “sit” is probably the first thing you will train your dog to do.When you want your dog to sit,hold a treat above his head and say “sit”.As the dog sits,say “sit” again and then immediately give him the treat.Your dog should drop into a “sit” position in order to reach the food.
 
Teaching your dog to fetch promotes bonding.To do this,first throw a ball,and give the command “fetch”.As he starts to run towards it,yell “fetch” again.Instead of a ball,you may use the object your dog loves most.Do not play fetch with heavy items or sticks,however,as this can damage the dog’s teeth or injure the dog.
 
A well-trained dog should remain where his owner commands,so “stay” is an important command in dog training as well.Since it is more involved,that will be the subject of another article.
 
Dog training is a very physical activity,so be prepared to be tired.And dog training is never without risk of injury,especially with more aggressive dogs.One major mistake many dog owners make is to think that the dog training is over.Training your dog continues throughout your dog’s life. 
 
11. What does the author say about dog                  training.
 
    A.It requires professional guidance.
 
    B.It is necessary for every dog.
 
    C.It gives dogs good exercise.
 
    D.It is an easy job for trainers.
 
 
 
12、 What is the most important thing for dog           trainers to do.
 
      A.Learn to communicate with dogs.
 
      B.Give dogs timely encouragement.
 
      C.Create right circumstances for dogs.
 
      D.Teach dogs desired behaviors.
 
13. Dog trainers usually train their dogs first         to________.
 
   A.jump
 
   B.stay
 
   C.fetch
 
   D.sit
 
14、To train dogs to fetch,trainers often start  with a________.
 
     A.stick
 
     B.ball
 
     C.treat
 
     D.trick
 
15.Many dog owners tend to think that dog training________.
 
    A.can be dangerous
 
    B.costs much money
 
    C.takes a short time
 
    D.can be very tiring
 
  概括段落大意和补全句子
 
(第16~25 题,每题1 分,共10 分)
 
Ancient Greek Values
 
①Ancient Greek civilization has greatly helped the building of today’s society.Many countries now still base their laws and ethics(伦理)on the teachings and doings of ancient Greeks.In everyday life,ancient Greeks valued loyalty,glory, intelligence and hospitality(好客).These may seem simple values,but they did effectively shape ancient Greece into a most referenced culture in history.
 
②During ancient Greece,men were required to go to school and learn.Boys were taught at home until they were 6 years old and then sent off to school.Ancient Greek schools featured a structure that had boys in school from the age of six until fourteen and then an optional additional four years.The boys were trained in arts and in citizen training.Citizen training prepared Greek boys for two aspects of adult life,which were peace and war.
 
③Glory for young men in ancient Greece was the same as fame to young people today.Stories of war glories and battles were handed down to young men so that they desired to make their names along with the victory of a battle.
 
④Helping your fellow man was an important aspect of life in ancient Greece.Ancient Greeks were kind and generous.They offered food,shelter and protection to travelers without question.They believed that helping others was their brotherly duty.
 
⑤Loyalty is perhaps the most important value of ancient Greek civilization.It was stressed in everything the Greeks did.They believed in loyalty to the family,the community and most importantly to the gods.The gods of ancient Greece often sent tests to citizens.Keeping faith through the tests was a sign of loyalty and belief. 
 
16.Paragraph ①: ________
 
    A.Education in ancient Greece
 
    B.Friendliness of ancient Greeks
 
    C.Wars in ancient Greece
 
    D.Impact of ancient Greek values
 
    E.Top value of ancient Greeks
 
    F.Sense of honor of ancient Greeks
 
17.Paragraph ②: ________
 
     A.Education in ancient Greece
 
     B.Friendliness of ancient Greeks
 
     C.Wars in ancient Greece
 
     D.Impact of ancient Greek values
 
     E.Top value of ancient Greeks
 
     F.Sense of honor of ancient Greek
 
18.Paragraph ③: ________
 
     A.Education in ancient Greece
 
     B.Friendliness of ancient Greeks
 
     C.Wars in ancient Greece
 
     D.Impact of ancient Greek values
 
     E.Top value of ancient Greeks
 
     F.Sense of honor of ancient Greeks
 
19.Paragraph ④: ________
 
     A.Education in ancient Greece
 
     B.Friendliness of ancient Greeks
 
     C.Wars in ancient Greece
 
     D.Impact of ancient Greek values
 
     E.Top value of ancient Greeks
 
     F.Sense of honor of ancient Greeks
 
20.Paragraph ⑤: ________
 
     A.Education in ancient Greece
 
     B.Friendliness of ancient Greeks
 
     C.Wars in ancient Greece
 
     D.Impact of ancient Greek values
 
     E.Top value of ancient Greeks
 
     F.Sense of honor of ancient Greeks
 
21. Ancient Greek values are held________.
 
     A.to go to school
 
     B.in many countries
 
     C.to achieve honor
 
     D.in whatever they did
 
     E.to study law
 
     F.to help others
 
22. Young men in ancient Greece were       required________.
 
      A.to go to school
 
      B.in many countries
 
      C.to achieve honor
 
      D.in whatever they did
 
      E.to study law
 
      F.to help others
 
23. Young Greeks had a strong desire________.
 
      A.to go to school
 
      B.in many countries
 
      C.to achieve honor
 
      D.in whatever they did
 
      E.to study law
 
      F.to help others
 
24.Ancient Greeks saw it as a duty________.
 
    A.to go to school
 
    B.in many countries
 
    C.to achieve honor
 
    D.in whatever they did
 
    E.to study law
 
    F.to help others
 
25. Ancient Greeks stressed loyalty________.
 
     A.to go to school
 
     B.in many countries
 
     C.to achieve honor
 
     D.in whatever they did
 
     E.to study law
 
     F.to help others

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